Cavalry new time
In the 16th century, the spread of field artillery, muskets and rush led to a change in the balance of power between infantry and cavalry in favor of infantry.
Knightly cavalry divided into two branches, – Reitars and gendarmes (heavily armed – classical knights). The gendarmes appeared in continuous articulated armor, which by then had reached maximum reliability and weight, and on armored horses. Continue reading
The refutation of the myth of the giant medieval “Warhorse”.
The education system perpetuated many myths about the Middle Ages.
Among them – the fact that women had no rights, the armor was incredibly heavy, the growth of men averaged 5 – 6 feet, and all the warhorses were huge – above 17 hand (measure of length “hand” = 4 inch = 10.16 cm )
Research on the breeding and use of medieval horses, and warhorse (a term denoting a war horse) in particular, would show that horses above 17 hands (measured at withers) were not the norm at that time. Continue reading
Up to the Second World War, the power of the armies was determined not only by men, but also by horses. Until 1945, most of the German artillery was transported on a horse-drawn carriage, and large cavalry units remained in the Soviet army.
However, if in the 20th century horses in war retained exclusively transport functions, in previous eras their role was not limited to transportation. Continue reading
Cavalry of antiquity
If you ask, where for the first time it occurred to a man to climb onto the horse’s back, everyone will respond without hesitation, in the Great Steppe. And wrong.
The first mentions of horsemen are not connected with the nomadic peoples of Eurasia, but with the Assyrian army. In the X century BC, when the nomadic cattle breeding in the Eurasian steppes was still in its infancy, the Assyrians, taking into account the lack of patency of the chariots, invented to use the soldiers, who were directly on the backs of horses, to chase the enemy and reconnaissance. Continue reading
It is known that at a temperature of about +40.5 * C the brain perishes.
But at the same time the body temperature of the horse during the race reaches 45-46 * C.
How so? Animals capable of rapid movement usually have an extensive network of arteries that cools the blood warmed by the load before it enters the brain. However, the horse does not have such a device. What protects the horse’s brain? Continue reading