Horse professions (Part 2)
All over the world horses are sold for leisure, sport and work purposes. For example, the American horse Association estimates horse-related transactions in the United States of more than $ 39 billion, including indirect costs – more than $ 102 billion. Such financial turnover can be compared only with football. And if you are a fan of this sport – watch the best football online.
In industrialized countries, horses are primarily used in sports, although they are also used in police work, on ranches, in search and rescue operations, and in other conditions where motorized vehicles cannot be used.
In poorer countries, horses are used by the population for leisure, but also play an important role in agricultural work, on ranches and as a means of transportation. In rare cases, they are still used in military operations, especially in areas with an extremely turbulent landscape.
Sports horses are used directly as participants and support. The first option includes running, running with strollers, dressage, jumping, etc. Although the gain depends on the case, a big role is played by the speed of the horse, maneuverability, obedience to the rider. The skill of the rider is also taken into account.
Sports such as Polo horses use an auxiliary tool. Although their riders are the main contenders, horses are a necessary part of the game. In tournaments, for example, the main goal for one rider is to take the other out of the game. Buzkashi is a game common in Central Asia. Her goal is to capture a goat riding a horse. Although the horse involved in the process and requires specialized training, details of her work are not evaluated, only the result of the actions of the rider. The most common use of horses for sport is horse racing, is present in almost all countries of the world. There are three types: horse racing, not including jumping over barriers, horse racing and running, which involves horses harnessed to a small wheelchair, where a person sits. Most of these horses are thoroughbred breeds that can reach speeds of 40 mph (70 km). A specialized breed of sprinters amerikanskie quaterhorse accelerated over 50 mph (80 km). In the races with wheelchairs were marked results of more than 30 miles per hour. The main profits of the races belong to the sweepstakes.
There are some kinds of jobs in which no technology can replace a horse. Horses mounted police are most effective for pacifying the crowd. Ranches where cattle are bred still require riders for grazing, which is often scattered over a remote rugged landscape. The success of rescue operations in some countries depends on specialized riding teams that locate people, especially travelers and hunters who are lost in remote areas. Some activities, such as logging, can be carried out more effectively with the help of horses, thus avoiding the destruction of thin soil by the wheels of machines in nature reserves. Foresters also use horses for patrolling. In poorer countries of Romania, Kyrgyzstan and other horses, donkeys and mules are widely used as a means of transportation and in agriculture to pull plows or carts. In areas with off-road and lack of fuel resources, rugged terrain is still the most effective way to get from place to place – on horseback.
Horses for leisure
Horses today are also involved in order to reproduce their historical use. Famous example – Budweisers Clydesdale breeds of horses-heavy horses, a harness which pulls a wagon of beer, like used before the invention of the modern motorized truck. For involved for such purposes horses are used a harness, which is a true or exact copy, which are characteristic of various historical events. Popular topics include American military and civil battles, as well as 19th-century battles between American cavalry and Indians.
Horses are also used for reconstructions of historical events, for preservation of cultural values or for ceremonial purposes. For example, the use of horses in the tourist project “Colonial Williamsburg”. In the UK, coaches are still used for Royal movements and for some important cultural events. Horses are often used in movies to give authenticity to historical dramas, as well as for additional charm in modern films or even futuristic dramas.
People with physical and mental problems in the process of communicating with horses, there are significant from a medical point of view improvement. The movement of the horse strengthens the muscles of the whole body of the rider and improves overall health. There are numerous examples, when trip height has led to increased mobility rider. The presence of horses also provides a positive psychological impact on a person regardless of whether he goes or not. Hippotherapy and therapeutic horseback riding helps with physical and occupational therapy speech. In hippotherapy, the doctor uses the movement of the horse as a carefully calibrated sensory signal, while patients riding use certain riding skills.
After such results from horseback riding for people with various disabilities were also recognized as an addition to equestrian competitions to the Paralympic Games.
Psychotherapy “helping the horse” is a new but growing movement that uses the horse as a companion animal to help people with psychological problems. Methods vary due to the novelty of the area; some programs include therapeutic horseback riding and hippotherapy. Also, they include just a touch of the horse, the conversation and interaction with her. Even without a trip, people benefit from personal communication with the horse; horses are very sensitive to nonverbal signals from people and an ideal method to work with patients who have been abandoned by “human” doctors. Horses are also used in camps and programs for young people with emotional difficulties. There are also pilot programmes for the use of horses in prisons. Communication with the horse improves inmate behavior and reduces recidivism after release. A correctional facility in Nevada has a program where residents learn to work with young Mustangs. Both adult and children’s prisons in new York, Florida, Kentucky cooperate with the Foundation for retired thoroughbred horses, taking care of old racehorses and helping them find new homes.
Horses in war
Horses in military action was seen at all stages of the development of civilization from the 19th century BC Despite the fact that cars have largely replaced horses as a weapon of war, they are still used today in limited military actions, mainly for ceremonial purposes or for exploration, movement in difficult areas, where motorized vehicles are ineffective. Horses are also used to reconstruct historical battles. Some elements of training of military horses are the basis of classical dressage horses.