The role of horses in human life
It is difficult to overestimate the importance of horses in the development of human society over the past 5,000 years
In human life, it played a more important role than any other domesticated animal. Shortly after the domestication revealed the true nature of the horse – it has become indispensable in the field, in transport, in war. Previously, horses had to work not only on land but also under the ground. It was usually a pony.
In England alone, there were nearly 16,000 of these trouble-free workers. About 3000 hours a year dragged a small horse heavily loaded trolley, carrying up to 3000 tons per year and overcoming almost 5000 km. For this work, they preferred to use small Shetland island ponies, because they could carry cargo 20 times more than their own weight.
Many was the horse person and on the battlefield. First began to use the horsemen in the battles of the Assyrians in the beginning of the I Millennium BC In many battles until very recently (until the 20-ies of our century), a huge and sometimes decisive role played by the cavalry: knightly cavalry, lancers, hussars, Dragoons, the horse guards, cavalry guards, the Cossacks, and all have their own special style of combat, and hence their requirements for the breed, the skills, the exterior of the main partner – the horse. Draught and pack horses transported guns, ammunition, food, wounded soldiers, etc.
Currently, due to the rapid development of technology, the role of horses in human life has become much less noticeable – cars and tractors changed horses for a plow, in a team and on the battlefield. However, people can not do without their trusted friend and assistant now. Particularly active horses are used in sport. Racing and trotting tests on racetracks are very popular. More sports are dressage competitions, as well as competition and horse triathlon. Dressage is the ability to control a horse at different gaits. Show jumping competitions on overcoming of obstacles. Triathlon – complex competitions, which include dressage, competition and field tests (cross-country), and in all kinds of participant performs on the same horse. In addition to sports, horse circus is very popular in many countries of the world.
It helps the horse and in various fields of protection and restoration of human health
For example, stables and riding halls have been set up at children’s medical institutions in Poland and other countries, where sick children are taught to ride. Equestrian sport has excellent therapeutic properties, especially in the defeat of the spine, limbs and disorders of the vestibular apparatus.
In Russia, tuberculosis, dystrophy and some other diseases have long been treated with Bashkir koumiss. This drink from horse milk is now learned to preserve and it is sold in stores. Natural Mare’s milk is a biologically more complete product for humans than cow’s milk. In France, for example, most of the orphanages have an agreement for the supply of horse milk for feeding children (it does not give allergies). Milk yield of horse milk per day is from 7.5 to 19.6 liters. However, the horse has to be milked more often than the cow, because the horse udder is smaller: horses are milked every 2 – 2.5 hours 8 -10 times a day.
In addition, horse rescue of a person in the literal sense. Often the patient who had no living eyes and sometimes owe her my life and restored health. There is an Institute of vaccines and serums in our country. There are donor horses in special stables. These are the best, healthy in all respects animals. Doctors inject them into the blood pathogens of such terrible diseases as tetanus, gangrene, diphtheria, botulism and many others. And when the blood of horses produces protective antibodies, immunity against these diseases, they take blood for the preparation of serum. One horse gives 16 – 20 thousand doses of serum for his life.
And how many happy minutes horses deliver to people with their graceful appearance, rapid jump, dizzying circus tricks under the guidance of experienced riders and coaches, thanks to good training and mutual understanding!
However, the competent witnesses on such cases manifestations of the horse’s mind, to explain that not just. Famous scientist Bernhard Grzimek, for example, wrote about the horses of one of the Berlin merchant coal: when on the cart were loading the bags, she turned her head and watched closely, how many of them will believe. And if laid at least one in excess of the normal rate, no beatings, no kind word it was impossible to budge.
What an amazing animal horse shows many examples
Here are just some of them:
The stallion Belgian breed Brooklyn Suprem (1928 – 1948 G. G.); height – 1.98 m; weight – 1,44 t; chest circumference – 259 see
The tallest of the heavy horse breeds, the Shire Sampson: height – 2.19 m; weight 1524 kg.
The smallest stallion Little Pumpkin: height-35.5 cm; a weight of 9.07 kg.
The fastest – the stallion Siglevi Slave I: ran a distance of 804 m (starting from the place without a rider) for 41.8 with an average speed of 69.3 km/h.
The old stallion Old Billy was 62 years.
The strongest – weight breed Shire Volcano: pulled up weight 29,47 t
Records in jumps:
horse Huaso jumped to a height of 2.47 m
stallion Samting – jumped the moat with a width of 8.4 m.
The longest ride – Henry G. Perry, a shepherd, drove 22565 km for 157 days.
The biggest bet on a horse named Nihilator – 19.2 million dollars.
The largest winning horse Nihilator, 3 225 653 USD.