Representation rules horses on a brood
Brood – the most important event in horse breeding, associated with the assessment of the exterior, determining the quality and condition of horses, monitoring the level of development of young animals. Broods are carried out at all stages of the technological process of reproduction of the horse – from its birth to implementation, during various zootechnical and sporting events, as well as for cognitive purposes and to promote the horse.
As an element of technology and a spectacular event, the brood is carried out according to certain rules that require appropriate skills and professionalism from the coaching staff. Compliance with the rules broods is particularly important when selling or showing horses abroad. Any unskilled actions of the breeders spoil the impression of buyers and experts, which negatively affects the evaluation and price of the horse.
Unfortunately, the level of display of horses on broods for the last decades significantly decreased. This is due to the loss of rich traditions of Russian horse breeding, caused by a decrease in the role of horses in the production and social sphere of society and, as a consequence, a chronic shortage of qualified personnel. Educational institutions pay little attention to this issue.
The technique of brood, adopted in our country, is well known and described in the horse breeding literature. The aim of this paper is to acquaint the specialists with the basic rules and techniques of the show horses, which are accepted in foreign practice of sport horse breeding, including the evaluation of horses of Trakehner, Hanoverian and Holstein breeds. The work is intended for professional workers of horse factories and breeding farms, athletes, Amateur horse breeders, owners of riding horses.
Broods are conducted in specially equipped and on any flat ground or in the arena. In contrast to the practice of the broods in our country, in Western Europe bonitirovka and other livestock events, great attention to the horse inspection on the movements. To this end, they are led step and trot, released. Experts record the setting and structure of the front and rear legs, the nature of their removal, the intensity of flexion, the amount of capture. Conduct tests at the sites of the triangular form.
The outlet area is an equilateral triangle with sides of 20-25 meters (Fig. 1). The sides of the triangle are made in the form of tracks 1-1. 5 meters wide, which are sprinkled with sand, slag or broken brick. Area for the horse inspection is made of concrete, asphalt, brick, or poured like a carpet with sand or slag. The territory where the exit platform is placed is fenced.
In winter, the exit platform is equipped in the arena. In this case, the triangle is marked with a light sand, poles or rails. Similarly, it is possible to equip a temporary outlet platform in a fenced paddock, jumping field, Levada.
Place an exit platform so that the sun rays the most part of working time remained behind a tribune and did not blind experts and the audience. It is important to take into account the background on which the horse is examined. It should be light and clean, without bright spots and small details. They can be the sky with the far horizon, a solid flat wall of the stable or arena, high hedge. It is desirable that the outlet area was isolated. For this purpose, it is placed in the courtyards of stables, planted with bushes.
From the appearance, condition and behavior of horses the brood depends not only the first impression and assessment of the horse, but its further fate. In this regard even so-called working broods for carrying out zootechnical actions have to be prepared. The horse should be clean, properly fitted equipment, wywodzi in a neat suit, preferably in uniform. Compliance with the rules of brood disciplines staff, contributes to the development and consolidation of professional skills of handling a horse. More responsibly preparing horses for the official broods of the coniferous forest, which assess the quality of cultivated products, the level of selection-breeding work and the General culture of horse breeding. The horse is thoroughly cleaned or washed, braided mane, combed tail. Hooves should be carefully cleaned, washed and oiled.
They only take horses out in bridles. The exception may be the uterus and foals-weaning – they are removed in the underbelly.
The brood is at the left shoulder of the horse. In his right hand, at a distance of the width of the palm from the buckles, he holds both reins, separating them with his index and middle fingers (Fig. 2). The same hand he holds the end of the reason, which puts on the hand and presses with the thumb. Left arm free.
When moving the brood must keep pace with the horse, do not look at it and do not pull the reins (Fig. 3). Under these conditions, the horse maintains a natural posture and shows the inherent style of movements.
To stop or transition from trot to step wywodzi right hand gently holds the drive, and the left, if necessary, pulls in front of the horse’s face and holding her back. The technique of development of skills of movement of a horse in occasion is in detail stated in “Manual on training of riding horses”, VNIIK, 1990 and in other methodical grants.
On the output pad of the lead horse walking or trotting. After stopping, the brood takes a step forward, turns and stands in front of the horse, disassembles the reins in both hands – in the left takes the right reins, and in the right remain the left reins and its end (Fig. 4).
Show horses usually beskrivas side. In the practice of breeding adopted a standard Desk, when the horse’s legs closest to the audience sides are slightly wider and perpendicular to the ground (Fig.6), and the legs of the opposite side are more close together. In this formulation, all the legs are visible and can be judged on their structure. Head and neck of the horse should take their natural position and slightly turned to the audience.
In the process of broods all the attention of vivacita must be drawn on a horse. He must follow the setting of the legs, the position of the head and neck, keep it in place. In any case can not play rough with the horse and, no matter how it was acting, nothing to show his displeasure. The brood’s hands should not cover the horse’s head. If necessary, he can step back and hold the horse for the end of reason.
Order of brood
The horse is introduced on the output pad and stop in a standard rack). Experts evaluate the type, why horse: head, neck, chest, back, croup, setting and structure of the front and rear legs.
Team horse step lead by the midway “from the Commission” and then taken “on Commission” (Fig. 6). Experts assess the nature of the movement of the front and rear legs, note the advantages and disadvantages of their structure.
After a short stop the horse hold the triangle free step. The brood is to the left of the horse (Fig.7). Experts assess the nature of the movement of the legs and the amount of space capture.
The next element of broods – movement lynx. The horse, like on the step, drive in a clockwise direction as wide as possible at a trot on a loose occasion. In the corners of the triangle go to a short trot or step (Fig. 8).Experts assess the style of movement, the amount of space capture.
At the command of the Chairman of the Commission, the horse is stopped and turned to the Commission by the left and right sides, front and back (Fig. 9). Experts describe in detail the signs. This brood of the horse can be finished.
If the exit platform is fenced, the brood on command of the Chairman of the Commission unfastens a reason and having released a horse on freedom, encourages it to pass a trot and a gallop. If the Playground is not fenced, wywodzi holds it for 2-3 laps in about the widest trot.
Organization and conduct of broods
Mandatory document for any official or educational broods is a ranking or a list of horses. It give the most necessary information about the horses: name, year of birth, gender, color, breed, the names of father and mother, the measurements. Rangir, signed by a specialist in horse breeding, propagated in the required amount and handed to the participants broods.
Specialist in horse breeding or other person responsible for the brood, directs the actions of the brood, announces the name of the horse, provides additional information, answers questions from experts and spectators. Interference in its action from any side, not ethical, in disruptive personnel actions and leaves an unfavorable impression on the audience.