Alaman-Baiga (in Uzbekistan “Alaman-Poig”)
One of the oldest and most popular equestrian sports among the Kazakhs and Uzbeks. For the Kazakhs, this is a jump over rough terrain over a long distance (about 50 km.) In which the rider’s tactical skill plays the most important role. Uzbeks have a jump across the steppe to a certain place and back.
Equestrian game in which you need to jump up on horses (you can bareback) and take free stalls at the opposite end of the area (playpen). Stalls are made of poles attached at one end to a fence or wall.Participants of the game should be one more than the stall. The one who takes the last of the remaining wins, because after each capture, the participant with nothing left the game and one stall is removed.
Old cavalry game. Riders in protective masks, gloves, with bibs, in the hands of each espadron. The goal is to shoot down a feather sultana on a wooden rod 15 cm long (or a balloon on a string) attached to the opponent’s head (on a helmet, cap, etc.). At the same time, your sultan must be kept intact. Compete in teams of 4-6 people each, losing those who lost their sultan.
Cossack drill game. On the marked straight line the rider must cut down the ten reinforced targets (lozin) at full gallop, prick two with a spear and make three shots at the target with a rifle.
Cascade of acrobatic exercises and stunts performed by the rider on a fast galloping horse. Even during the period of the ancient Olympics, horse races were known in which horsemen jumped to the ground, ran alongside the horses and jumped on them again on skok. Djigitovka is held on a straight length of 210 m or more or in a circus arena. A jigit athlete must show as many different exercises as possible or repeatedly – one element. Juggling includes jumping on a horse, turntables on it, peremahi, dismounts, riding standing, crawling under the neck or belly of a galloping horse, lifting objects from the ground down to the coins, riding one horseman galloping on two horses and jumping on them through barriers, group the pyramids. Riding a trot or falling rider is considered a defeat. Previously, in jigging included shooting at the target, hand-to-hand fighting techniques.
American cowboy games, or gaucho, as they are called in South America. The most diverse and virtuosic competitions associated with horses with cattle – gobies. The highlight of the program is the so-called detour, or, more precisely, riding wild or unbroken horses. In fact, rodeo horses are not wild, but, on the contrary, very experienced, knowing their business perfectly, and it is very difficult to sit on them tied up for tickling with a rope in the groin, even for one minute. Highly appreciated is the skill of tactilely throwing a lasso at a gallop, the strand of a running bull, for which the rider must catch up with him, jump off the horse and tie him in seconds.
The English name of the eastern game, known since the days of the Roman Empire. The meaning of the game is to drive a wooden ball with a long stick into the opponent’s goal. It is known for many centuries in Asia, the Caucasus, China, India. Having taken over the game, the British spread it around the world, calling it “polo.” The game is played at a fast pace on the court with a length of 150–200 m and a width of 60–120 m. Riders (two teams of six equestrians: 4 attackers and 2 defenders) often have to quickly change direction, stop often, instantly gain speed. This requires not only good contact with the horse and a strong landing in the saddle, but also courage, dexterity and accuracy, in order to maneuver at high speed, hit the ball with a stick and score as many goals as possible at the wrong gate. In order to avoid leg injuries, horses are put on nagavki.
Borrowed from the British popular game. Two or three “hunters” gallop are trying to tear off the “tail” from the right shoulder of the galloping “chanterelle”, approaching from the left side, or from the left shoulder, approaching from the right.
Fond of England. A beautiful sight when a brightly dressed group of riders galloping over rough terrain. The distance of such hunts reaches 35 km.
Japanese horse games
In Japan, in November, hold races of heavy trucks. Horses with a load, often quite heavy, must be driven by drivers, to overcome a long climb on uneven soil. This takes into account not only the severity of the load, but also the speed of movement.
Popular in the Land of the Rising Sun game “da-Kyu”, reminiscent of equestrian basketball and at the same time polo. Two teams compete: riders dressed in clothing of the XII – XVI centuries, armed with clubs with mesh wallets at the ends, with which they try to catch the ball with a diameter of not more than 10 cm. The goal is to throw the ball into a circular hole with a diameter of 50 cm, cut in the enemy’s goal.
Interestingly, in technically highly developed Japan, a lot of spectators gather for such competitions, most of whom, especially children, have never seen live horses.