If you want to bet on horse racing
Nowadays, it is probably impossible to find a person who would never have heard of horse racing betting But there was a time when racing, and even more bets on…

Continue reading →

Horse professions
Horse feeders Horse - the millennial man's best friend. And the first people who tamed them were our ancestors! Of course, in geography domestication horses can be include and Mongolia,…

Continue reading →

How to develop the Russian horse-breeding
Russian horse breeding should be divided into three completely independent types, equally oppressed by unfavorable economic conditions, but requiring completely different measures for its prosperity. Thus, the breeding of mass,…

Continue reading →

Taming the horse

Taming the horse

Conflicting theories exist regarding the time and place of initial domestication. The earliest evidence of horse domestication comes from Central Asia around 4500 BC.

Archaeological evidence provided evidence that the horse was domesticated by 2000 BC.

Wild Horse

Most of the “wild” horses today are actually wild horses, whose ancestors were domesticated, but they themselves were born and lived in the wild for several generations.

However, there are also truly wild horses whose ancestors were never domesticated.

There is a theory that there were four main cows that developed and adapted to the environment before domestication. According to different theories, they were all separate species or physically different manifestations of the same species. In any case, the theory of historical wild varieties from which horses evolved, suggests the following basic prototypes:

Forest horse (Equus ferus silvaticus). It is believed to have evolved in Equus ferus germanicus, which may have contributed to the development of warm-blooded horses in northern Europe, as well as the “heavy horses” of the Ardennes type.

The subspecies “Draft”, a small, sturdy, dense-haired animal, originated in northern Europe, adapted to the cold, wet climate. Somewhat resemble today’s horse, for example, the Shetland pony.

Subspecies “Asian”, a taller, slim, graceful and agile animal that appeared in western Asia, adapted to hot, dry climates. It is believed that she was the progenitor of the modern Arabian horse and Akhal-Teke.

A subspecies of Tarpan, grayish-brown in color, a sturdy animal the size of a large pony, adapted to the cold, arid climate of northern Asia, the ancestor of the Przhevalsky horse and the domesticated Mongolian horse.
Tarpan, Equus ferus ferus, died out in 1880. His genetic line was lost, but his phenotype was updated by “breeding back”, i.e. a process in which domesticated horses with primitive features were repeatedly bred. Thanks to the efforts of the brothers L. Heck (director of the Berlin Zoo) and H. Heck, Heck’s horse looks like a tarpan more than any other existing ones.

The Przewalski horse (Equus ferus przewalskii), a rare Asian species, is the only true wild horse living today. Also known as the Mongolian wild horse. Small wild habitats of this animal, which is named for the Russian researcher Przhevalsky, exist in Mongolia. Its representatives can also be seen in zoos around the world. After the fight against extinction, the Przewalski horse finally thrives in the wild again.

Wild animals whose ancestors were domesticated, but they themselves were born and live in the wild, are different from wild animals whose ancestors have never been tamed. Several wild horse populations exist in the western United States and Canada (mustangs), and in the regions of Australia (unbroken horses) and New Zealand (Cayman horses). Wild horse settlements are often named for their geographical location: Namibia has its horses in the Namib desert, Sorraya lives in Spain and Portugal, the horses of the Sable Island live in Nova Scotia, Canada.

Other members of the horse family include zebras, donkeys, and onagers.

Donkey, donkey or donkey. Equus asinus, like a horse, has many breeds.
Mule is a hybrid of a male donkey and mare, usually infertile.
Loshak is a hybrid of a female donkey and a stallion.

Breeders also tried to cross different zebra species with mares or donkey females in order to produce “zebra mules” (zorses, zonkeys or zedonks). This will probably be a new hybrid, as these individuals tend to inherit a part of the natural character of their zebra parent, but they may inherit the zebra’s resistance to parasites: zorses also called zebroids were used in Central African parks.

Horse breeding
The history of horse breeding was and will be determined by the desires of man. For centuries, man showed only gastronomic interest in horses. On horses were hunted, as well…

...

Horse games
Alaman-Baiga (in Uzbekistan "Alaman-Poig") One of the oldest and most popular equestrian sports among the Kazakhs and Uzbeks. For the Kazakhs, this is a jump over rough terrain over a…

...

About horse
Among domestic animals, a horse occupies a special place: no other quadruped, even a dog, was honored with so many poems and short stories, was not depicted so many times…

...

Representation rules horses on a brood
Brood - the most important event in horse breeding, associated with the assessment of the exterior, determining the quality and condition of horses, monitoring the level of development of young…

...