Year of the horse - preparing for the new year!
This year it is necessary to devote time to General cleaning on December 31, and especially plumbing: there is a belief that with leaking water from the taps from the…

Continue reading →

The role of horses in human life
It is difficult to overestimate the importance of horses in the development of human society over the past 5,000 years In human life, it played a more important role than…

Continue reading →

What is the color of horses
The suit is one of the main features of a horse; is a hereditary trait and is determined by the color of the covering hair of the head, neck, body,…

Continue reading →

Exterior (earth), skeleton and muscles of the horse

The exterior of the horse (the way)

Exterior translated from French means – external. These are the outer forms of the animal. Article – a separate part of the horse’s body.

The skeleton of a horse
The General form of the horse’s body and its performance depends on its skeleton and musculature. The skeleton fully develops by the age of 5 years. Compared with the bones of other, less mobile animals, the bones of the horse have better development in the length and thickness (at such as fast pace horses horse limb bones are longer and thinner, and heavy – shorter and thicker) and also by strength.

The basis of the horse’s body is a skeleton consisting of 252 bones. The bones of the skeleton are interconnected by means of cartilage and ligaments.

The skeleton consists of the following parts:
The skeleton of the head consists of bones that form the cranial cavity in which the brain is placed, and from the bones that form the basis of the face and form the skeleton of the nasal and oral cavities

The skeleton of the body consists of the spinal column and chest. The vertebral column consists of vertebrae, fastened together by cartilages and ligaments: 7 cervical, 18 dorsal, 5-6 lumbar, 5 sacral, 17-18 caudal. Chest are: upper dorsal vertebrae, from the sides of the ribs (18 pairs have Arabian horses – 16 pairs), below the breast bone. In the chest are the organs of blood circulation and respiration (heart and lungs)

The skeleton of the limbs is divided into belts and the actual limbs(legs). There are two belts: shoulder and pelvic. The shoulder girdle consists of shoulder blades that connect the forelimbs to the thoracic part of the trunk only by means of muscles and ligaments. A horse doesn’t have a bone like a clavicle. The pelvic girdle is formed from the pelvic bones that connect the hind limbs to the posterior trunk
The front legs of the horse serve as a moving support, and the back serves her body forward.

Muscles of the horse
Muscles, or the muscles that cover almost the entire skeleton of a horse and represent bundles of red meat, which constitute the bulk of the horse’s body and are located mainly near the bone.

Muscles of the horse

Each muscle consists of many long fibrils, so thin that they can be distinguished only under a microscope in a highly enlarged form. Gathering in bundles, these fibers form muscles. They are attached to the bones either directly by their muscle fibers, or by means of dense, strong veins – tendons, into which the muscle bundle passes on one or both of its ends.

Muscles tend to shrink, so that they serve as active organs of locomotion of the horse. According to the division of the skeleton muscles can be divided into muscles of the head, torso and limbs.

Horse breeding
The history of horse breeding was and will be determined by the desires of man. For centuries, man showed only gastronomic interest in horses. On horses were hunted, as well…

...

The horse is man-made
Horses man virtually created All contained on the stud farms horses are the product of centuries of breeding, selection. Their biological features include a relatively small digestive system: single-chamber stomach,…

...

Horse professions (Part 2)
All over the world horses are sold for leisure, sport and work purposes. For example, the American horse Association estimates horse-related transactions in the United States of more than $…

...

About horse
Among domestic animals, a horse occupies a special place: no other quadruped, even a dog, was honored with so many poems and short stories, was not depicted so many times…

...