It is unlikely we will be mistaken if we assume that the carts already existed for 2000 years BC Already ancient Persians drove the fours in a four-wheeled covered wagon. In the same carriage was transported the body of Alexander the Great from Alexandria to Babylon in 323 BC.
The Greeks already had carts in the so-called Heroic era. This is evident from many verses of Hellas (eg. song 5 St. 720 or song 24 St. 322-326).
The harness consisted apparently of a yoke, chest strap, girth, bridle and reins. Both the harness and the carts were very luxuriously decorated. So the battle chariot in which Darius III participated in the battle of Issus (333 BC) was decorated with gold and silver works of the best masters of the time. Continue reading
For many centuries horses of the don breed
On donchaks Russian soldiers under the leadership of the famous commander A. V. Suvorov made the famous transition through the Alps. The dons fought valiantly during the Patriotic war of 1812 ataman Platov Cossacks against Napoleon’s troops.
There is still the Karabakh Azerbaijani, Uzbek carbary, Carpathian Hutsul horses, Tajik locity,- all not to enumerate. Continue reading
The horse (Equus) belongs to the order of the equipotent (Peris-sodactyla), once a large group of animals, which now has only a very few representatives and is part of a strictly limited family of one-wise.
The most characteristic feature of this family are the legs, which have only one fully developed toe, equipped with a hoof.
This feature distinguishes it from all other solids. First of all, a long, stretched skull, where only a third falls on the brain part, and two-thirds on the facial bones, is striking in the eyes.
As for the horse’s dental system, each half of the upper and lower jaws has three incisors with a smooth surface and a cross-oval fossa, six (or seven) long teeth with twisting enamel folds on the chewing surface and one small, slightly curved, blunt -conic fangs, which, however, may be absent. Continue reading