It is difficult to overestimate the importance of horses in the development of human society over the past 5,000 years
In human life, it played a more important role than any other domesticated animal. Shortly after the domestication revealed the true nature of the horse – it has become indispensable in the field, in transport, in war. Previously, horses had to work not only on land but also under the ground. It was usually a pony.
In England alone, there were nearly 16,000 of these trouble-free workers. About 3000 hours a year dragged a small horse heavily loaded trolley, carrying up to 3000 tons per year and overcoming almost 5000 km. For this work, they preferred to use small Shetland island ponies, because they could carry cargo 20 times more than their own weight. Continue reading
The horse (Equus) belongs to the order of the equipotent (Peris-sodactyla), once a large group of animals, which now has only a very few representatives and is part of a strictly limited family of one-wise.
The most characteristic feature of this family are the legs, which have only one fully developed toe, equipped with a hoof.
This feature distinguishes it from all other solids. First of all, a long, stretched skull, where only a third falls on the brain part, and two-thirds on the facial bones, is striking in the eyes.
As for the horse’s dental system, each half of the upper and lower jaws has three incisors with a smooth surface and a cross-oval fossa, six (or seven) long teeth with twisting enamel folds on the chewing surface and one small, slightly curved, blunt -conic fangs, which, however, may be absent. Continue reading